A little bit of Constructivism by the example of Northern Europe

30 November, 2010

Constructivism seems to be also a relatively new approach comparing to geopolitics ether political realism. Constructivists suppose that international relations depend not only upon certain objective processes (cooperation, for example) but also on perception of the concept of it (A.Wendt[1]). Sometimes such definitions may seem to be vague. But despite this fact the approach stresses the importance of concepts, of ideas that people think and talk about. What people say – definitely exists. Continue

Structuralism in Northern Europe

29 November, 2010

Structuralism implies Northern Europe as a certain structure (comparing to constructivism, it is not a vague construct), a system and all the changes that may happen within its borders come within structuralism. The discourse of cooperation has become topical recently and is being successfully interpreted by structuralism. Economic cooperation, environment problems, regional infrastructure, tourism, indigenous people – everything that comprises the region – are highly interested for structuralists. Continue

An example of Idealism (IR theory) in Northern Europe

28 November, 2010

Idealism has emerged in contrast to political realism. Many appreciate it as a critique to it but nowadays it is possible to say that this approach is absolutely independent and much more topical at least while analyzing Northern Europe. Idealism is tightly connected with liberalism which brings to us first of all its famous values that are liberal democracy, human rights, individual freedom, inter-dependence etc. Continue

Northern Europe in Geopolitical terms

27 November, 2010

Geopolitics is a theoretical school that embraces both classical and neo-geopolitical approaches. In the context of territory, outlet to the sea, climate and neighboring it is very much interesting to find out what might be the scenario here for Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, Finland and northwestern part of Russia. As S.Huntingtom states, the “clash of civilizations” can be visible! Continue

Northern Europe in terms of critical theory

26 November, 2010

There is another theory developed by scientists R.Ashley[1] and R.Cox[2] which is critical theory. It denies postulates of political realism arguing that states sooner or later will skip arms and solidarize with each other. Of course, it also can be rebutted in a way that unlikely conflicts disappear, though in my opinion it suits more while describing the phenomenon of particular regional cooperation. Continue

Political realism in Northern Europe

25 November, 2010

I would like to pay attention to theories of international relations since it was highly interesting for me to follow how they define the phenomenon of cooperation in Northern Europe .

Well, I’d like to start turning to the paradigm of political realism. Personally I consider this theory to be a founding father of the present-day international relations.  Continue

Phenomenon of international cooperation in Northern Europe (including north-western part of Russia)

23 November, 2010

The origins of international cooperation can be traced back to history. Many IR researches as well as historians connect it with the great end of religious wars in Europe and setting up of the Westphalia system of international relations (ir) (I.Wallerstein[1], S.Huntington[2] etc.). Creating of such ir system gave a concrete impetus to inter-national (nation=state) cooperation. Further development of IR science led to the expansion of “cooperation” definition. Continue

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